Naval Event - non-combat

Union Forces Receive Intelligence in Winyah Bay

County: 
Georgetown County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Civil War
Alias Name: 
U.S.S. Potomaska recieves Intelligence
Date: 
5 October 1864
Forces Engaged: 
U.S.S. Potomska
Campaign: 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Result: 
Union forces learn the position of Confederate troops

On October 5th 1864, Acting Volunteer Lieutenant, R.P. Swann, reported the information he received from escaped POWs and deserters in Winyah Bay. "Company I, Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, and Private Isaac Ferguson, First Brigade band, Second Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac, who effected their escape from the enemy," were received with "11 [Confederate] privates, Company B, German Artillery" who deserted from Battery White.

Footnotes and Additional Information: 

Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 16: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 1, 1864 - September 30, 1865); Gulf Blockading Squadron (June 7, 1861 - December 15, 1861), 7-8. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 22 September 2011. The report provided by Acting Volunteer Lieutenant Swann is supported by great detail. This report is a valuable resource reviling were Confederate troops were located in Winyah Bay and Georgetown.

South Island Point and Pawley's Island

County: 
Georgetown County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Civil War
Alias Name: 
The U.S.S. Wamsutta fires on Winyah Bay Batteries and Pawley's Island
Date: 
9 June 1864
Forces Engaged: 
- U.S.S Wamsutta
Forces Engaged: 
- Confederate Cavalry
Campaign: 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Principal Commander: 
U.S Acting Master Charles W. Lee
Result: 
Lee effectively drove confederate land forces from several locations

On June 9th 1864, Acting Master Charles W. Lee commanding the U.S.S. Wamsutta went to reconnoiter the Confederate batteries being built in Winyah Bay.

Footnotes and Additional Information: 

Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 15: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 1, 1863 - September 30, 1864), 517. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 22 September 2011. Acting Master Charles W. Lee provided a firsthand account of the reconnoiter operations on Cat Island, South Island, and Pawley's Island. The account was brief but included details of the type of artillery used.

C.S. Liverpool Runs Aground at North Inlet

County: 
Georgetown County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Civil War
Alias Name: 
Chased by the U.S.S. Keystone State
Date: 
10 April 1862
Forces Engaged: 
- U.S.S. Keystone State
Forces Engaged: 
- Confederate schooner Liverpool
Campaign: 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Principal Commander: 
U.S. Commander William E. LeRoy
Result: 
The Liverpool was run aground, fired, and abandoned by her crew

Commander William E. LeRoy of the U.S.S. Keystone State reported that on April 10th 1862, a schooner was made attempting to run into the entrance of Georgetown. Commander LeRoy gave her chase, but "she was run on the outside of the point of the North Inlet, fired, and deserted."  At 7:30 P.M. boats were sent to board her, but were unable to because of the flames and elements. The crew was successful in identifying her as the "Liverpool, of Nassau."1

Footnotes and Additional Information: 

1. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 12: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron (February 2, 1865 - August 3, 1865); South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 29, 1861 - May 13, 1862), p. 678-680.  http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 9 September 2011. The report provided by Commander William E. Le Roy details the cruise of the U. S. S Keystone State from March 29th to April 25 1862. The account provided a brief description of the chase of the CS Liverpool with some detail.

Confederate Steamer Seabrook Successfully Runs the Georgetown Blockade

County: 
Georgetown County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Civil War
Alias Name: 
U.S.S. Keystone State Gives Chase
Date: 
3 April 1862
Forces Engaged: 
Confederate Steamer Seabrook
Forces Engaged: 
U.S.S. Keystone State
Campaign: 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Principal Commander: 
U.S. Commander William E. LeRoy
Result: 
The CS Seabrook successfully ran from Georgetown to Santee Inlet

Commander LeRoy of the U.S.S.

Footnotes and Additional Information: 

1. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 12: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron (February 2, 1865 - August 3, 1865); South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 29, 1861 - May 13, 1862), p. 678-680.  http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 9 September 2011. The report provided by Commander William E. Le Roy details the cruise of the U. S. S Keystone State from March 29th to April 25 1862. The account provided a brief description of the CS Seabrook's successful run of the Georgetown Blockade on April 3, 1862.

Lt. Baxter Accidentally Fires on Union Ship, and Gives Chase to Another

County: 
Georgetown County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Civil War
Alias Name: 
Gem of the Sea fired at a Union Vessel under command of Prentiss running from North Santee River
Date: 
26 May 1862 - 27 May 1862
Forces Engaged: 
U.S. Gem of the Sea
Forces Engaged: 
Unidentified Union Vessel with orders from Prentiss
Campaign: 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Principal Commander: 
U.S Acting Lieutenant Irvin B. Baxter
Result: 
Baxter fired on the Union ship and gave chase to another schooner running out of the South Santee River.

The Gem of the Sea under Volunteer Lieutenant Irvin Baxter manned its position off Georgetown light-house on May 26th 1862 until a small schooner near the entrance of North Santee River was spotted.

Footnotes and Additional Information: 

1. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 12: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron (February 2, 1865 - August 3, 1865); South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 29, 1861 - May 13, 1862), p. 732-736.  http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 13 September 2011. Volunteer Lieutenant Baxter provided a report on the cruise of the Gem of the Sea from April 10 to June 16, 1862. Included in the report is the incident with unidentified schooner that ran aground at South Island, was fired on, but turned out to be Union. Baxter also describes chase of a second schooner that ran out  of South Santee on the 27th of May that successfully made its escape.

Confederate Privateer Dixie is Captured

County: 
Georgetown County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Civil War
Date: 
15 April 1862
Forces Engaged: 
U.S.S. Keystone State
Forces Engaged: 
U.S. bark Gem of the Sea
Forces Engaged: 
Confederate Privateer Dixie aka Success
Campaign: 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Principal Commander: 
U.S Acting Lieutenant Irvin B. Baxter
Result: 
Union successfully boarded and captured the Dixie

On the 15 of April 1862 the U.S. Gem of the Sea under Volunteer Lieutenant Irvin B. Baxter successfully boarded and captured the Confederate privateer, Dixie. Baxter was positioned six miles N.W  N. off Georgetown light-house when a schooner was spotted four miles south at 4:20 A.M. running from Georgetown.  Baxter gave chase, coming about her at 5:30 when she was headed off by the U.S.S. Keystone State.1

Footnotes and Additional Information: 

1. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 12: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron (February 2, 1865 - August 3, 1865); South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 29, 1861 - May 13, 1862), p. 732-736.  http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 13 September 2011. The report provided by Volunteer Lieutenant Baxter commander of the Gem of the Sea gives a brief description of the capture of the privateer Dixie. The account is included in the vessel's cruise from April 10th to June 16th 1862 causing this description to be brief, but it does provides good detail of positions and time.

2. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 12: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron (February 2, 1865 - August 3, 1865); South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 29, 1861 - May 13, 1862), p. 678-680. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 9 September 2011. The report provided by Commander William E. Le Roy details the cruise of the U. S. S Keystone State from March 29th to April 25 1862. The account provided a brief but detailed description of the capture of the Confederate privateer Dixie. Details include the names of some people involved, times, and a description of cargo.

Confederate Schooner "Rover" is Destroyed in Murrells Inlet

County: 
Georgetown County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Civil War
Alias Name: 
Murrell's Inlet
Date: 
17 October 1863
Forces Engaged: 
U.S schooner T. A. Ward
Campaign: 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Principal Commander: 
Union Acting Ensign Tillson
Result: 
Union forces successfully destroyed the Rover

On October 17, 1863 the U.S schooner T.A. Ward commanded by Acting Master W.L. Babcock anchored off Murrell's Inlet at 3:00 P.M. At 8:15 P.M. two cutter's and a gig were sent into the Inlet to cut out or destroy a Confederate schooner.1 The expedition under Acting Ensign Tillson was landed a mile into the inlet then successful in boarding the schooner which was identified as the Rover, a former pilot boat used at Charleston. She held a cargo full of cotton and one man, Joseph Stewart, was found on board.

Footnotes and Additional Information: 

1. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 15: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 1, 1863 - September 30, 1864), 61. . http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 12 October 2011. This abstract log was written by by Acting Master W. L. Babcock commander of the T. A. Ward. The log provides a brief but detailed account of operation including specific times and dates. It goes on to encompass the action of the T. A. Ward from October 17th to the 20th, including the battle between the crew and the 21st Battalion Georgia Cavalry.

2. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 15: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 1, 1863 - September 30, 1864), 59. . http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 12 October 2011. This account was written by Rear-Admiral Dahlgren  of the Flag-Steamer Philadelphia on November 6, 1863. The report provides a brief account of the operation with only a few details, most valuably some names. The report goes on to give a brief account of the operations of the T. A. Ward on the 20th of October 1863, when the Ward's crew encounters the 21st Battalion Georgia Cavalry.

Singleton Swash - Salt Works and Fort Vaught are Destroyed by Union Naval Forces

County: 
Horry County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Civil War
Alias Name: 
Singleton Swash was misidentified by federals as Cane Patch Salt Works
Date: 
21 April 1864 - 22 April 1864
Forces Engaged: 
U.S bark Ethan Allen
Campaign: 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Principal Commander: 
Acting Master Isaac A. Pennell
Result: 
Union naval forces destroyed the salt works and fort

Acting Master Pennell commanding the U.S. bark Ethan Allen, received intelligence from contrabands that there was an extensive salt works at a place called Cane Patch.  It was reported that the salt works were located 12 miles N. E.

Image Upload: 
Footnotes and Additional Information: 

1. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 15: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 1, 1863 - September 30, 1864), p. 410-12. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 5 October 2011. Acting Master Pennell provides a hand on account supported by great detail of salt works operation. Pennell includes the time of movements, some of the names of people involved, and an extensive description of the salt works. The report also includes the destruction of the Wither's Swash Salt Works on April 22, 1864.

2. Ibid.

3. Ibid.

4. Ibid.

5. Vaught Salt Works and Blockhouse, by Ben Burroughs, Director of the Horry County Archives Center, Coastal Carolina University, Conway, S.C. (08 Aug 2007)

Images 1 & 2: Saltville, Virginia, Harper's Weekly, January 14, 1865, http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1865/january/saltville-virginia.htm, accessed November 15, 2011. The above depictions are of a salt works in Virginia, but are probably similar to those built along the South Carolina coast. Both of the pictures are from the same salt works in Virginia,and the first picture is a view from the lower salt works which would be located at the beach and looking inland to the main buildings. The second picture depicts the inside of the salt works.

Image 3: Photograph of Peter Vaught, Sr. and Peter Vaught, Jr. estimated to have been taken in 1864.  They operated the Salt Works on Singleton Swash which was adjacent to their plantation.

U.S.S. Cimarron Destroys South Island Rice Mill

County: 
Georgetown County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Civil War
Date: 
20 April 1864 - 21 April 1864
Forces Engaged: 
U.S.S Cimarron
Campaign: 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Principal Commander: 
Commander A.K. Hughes
Result: 
Union successfully burned the rice mill, but did not find any men or flatboats

On April 20, 1864 Commander Hughes of the U.S.S. Cimarron received information about a rice mill being used by the Confederates on South Island 5 miles distant to the mainland. The trusted pilot, known as Prince, confirmed that the Confederates held about 15,000 bushels of rice at the mill. At 10 P.M. on the 20th Commander Hughes sent an expedition of 30 men under charge of Acting Master John K. Crosby, Acting Ensign George F. Howes and Acting Master's Mate Edward P.

Footnotes and Additional Information: 

1. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 15: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 1, 1863 - September 30, 1864), 409.  http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 4 October 2011. Commander A. K.  Hughes provides a detailed report of the mission he ordered to destroy the rice mill on South Island. Hughes provides dates and times as well as some of the names involved.

Wither's Swash - Salt Works are destroyed

County: 
Horry County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Civil War
Alias Name: 
Eight Mile Swash
Date: 
22 April 1864
Forces Engaged: 
U.S bark Ethan Allen under Commanding Acting Master Pennel, and Acting Master Winslow
Campaign: 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Principal Commander: 
Acting Master Isaac A. Pennell
Result: 
Union victory

On April 21, 1864 Union forces under Acting Master Pennell of the U.S. bark Ethan Allen succeed in destroying the salt works at Singleton Swash, incorrectly identified as Cane Patch Swash.  On descent from this operation a white flag was spotted off Wither's Swash at 9:00 A.M. on the morning of April 22, 1864. Pennell sent Acting Master W.H. Winslow to board the man who identified himself as Allen Jones, a commissary sergeant of the rebel army.  Mr.

Footnotes and Additional Information: 

1.Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 15: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 1, 1863 - September 30, 1864), p. 410.  http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 5 October 2011. The report provided by Acting Master Winslow provides a brief first hand account with great detail of the action that took place at Wither's Swash.

2.Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 15: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 1, 1863 - September 30, 1864), p. 410-11.  http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 5 October 2011. This second source is a report provided by Acting Master Pennell written on April 23, 1864 detailing the operation of the U. S Ethan Allan from the 21st to 22nd. This report focuses of the destruction of the Singleton Swash salt works, but provides a brief and detailed report on the destruction of the Wither's Swash salt works. Some of the details initial details of the operation are provided in this report that are not provided in Acting Master Winslow's report.