Naval Event - non-combat

Union Forces Ascend the Sampit River to Reconnoiter Georgetown

County: 
Georgetown County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Civil War
Date: 
22 May 1862
Forces Engaged: 
U.S.S. Albatross under Commander Prentiss
Campaign: 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Result: 
No hostile action takes place, but Union forces captured some boats

Rear-Admiral Du Pont reported that “Commander Prentiss crossed the bar on the 21st instant [May 1862,] with the Albatross and the Norwich, [under] Lieutenant Commanding Duncan, and entered Winyah Bay.”1 Commander Prentiss reported that “at daylight on the 22d” May, he “stood up the bay for the city of Georgetown, [and] entered Sampit Creek [River],” on which the town was built. Prentiss “steamed slowly along the wharves,” with the muzzle of the U. S. S.

Footnotes and Additional Information: 

1. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 13: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (May 14, 1862 - April 7, 1863), 21-22.  http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed 20 September 2011. Rear-Admiral Du Pont provided an over view account of the Union force's operations in Winyah Bay from May 19th to 22nd, 1862. Du Pont briefly mentioned the Union ascent up the Sampit River, but does state that there were enemy forces in Georgetown. 

2. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 13: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (May 14, 1862 - April 7, 1863), 22-23.  http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed 20 September 2011. Commander Prentiss provided an extensive report on Union operations in Winyah Bay from May 21st to 25th, 1862. Prentiss provided a report on the reconnaissance of the forts and rivers that surround the bay. His account on the ascent into the Sampit and the around Georgetown were described in detail.

3. The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. ; Series 1 - Volume 14, CH. XXVI, 512-13.  http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed 20 September 2011. Confederate Major Emanuel provided a detailed account of the Union forces in Winyah Bay on May 22nd 1862. Emanuel accounted the location and amount of time the Union force was near Georgetown, as well as his responsive action to their presence.

Privateer "Black Joke" Captures the Prize British Sloop of War "Permudas"

County: 
Georgetown County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Revolutionary War
Approximate Date: 
1781
Forces Engaged: 
- American Privateer "Black Joke"
Forces Engaged: 
- British Sloop of War "Permudas"
Campaign: 
Southern Campaign
Result: 
The Black Joke took the Permudas as a prize

In his pension application Isaac Johnson reported that:

Footnotes and Additional Information: 

1. Original, "Pension Application of Isaac Johnson," The National Archives, Publication Number: M804, Publication Title: Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, Publisher: NARA, National Archives Catalog ID: 300022, National Archives Catalog Title: Case Files of Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Applications Based on Revolutionary War Service, compiled ca. 1800 - ca. 1912, documenting the period ca. 1775 - ca. 1900, Record Group: 15, http://www.fold3.com/ accessed 10 February 2012.

U.S. Transport Steamer "Governor" Caught in a Gale, U.S. Sabine Rescued the Crew

County: 
Georgetown County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Civil War
Date: 
1 November 1861 - 2 November 1861
Forces Engaged: 
- U.S. transport Governor under Captain Litchfield
Forces Engaged: 
- U.S.S. Isaac Smith under Lieutenant Nicholson
Forces Engaged: 
- U.S. bark Young Rover
Campaign: 
North Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Principal Commander: 
U. S. Captain Cadwalader Ringgold
Principal Commander: 
U. S. Major John George Reynolds
Result: 
The U.S. Governor was lost but her crew was saved

Major Reynolds, U.S.

Footnotes and Additional Information: 

1. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 12: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron (February 2, 1865 - August 3, 1865); South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 29, 1861 - May 13, 1862), 233-235. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 20 January 2012. Major Reynolds provided an extensive first hand account of the Governor's rescue with detailed description of events from the side of the men on board the Governor.

2. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 12: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron (February 2, 1865 - August 3, 1865); South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 29, 1861 - May 13, 1862), 239-243.http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 20 January 2012.  Captain Ringgold provided an extensive first hand account detailing the rescue of the Governor from the perspective of the men on board the U. S. Sabine.

3. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 12: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron (February 2, 1865 - August 3, 1865); South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 29, 1861 - May 13, 1862), 236-237.http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 20 January 2012. Captain Ringgold provided another brief account of the rescue of the Governor that summarized the main conclusions.

4. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 12: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron (February 2, 1865 - August 3, 1865); South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 29, 1861 - May 13, 1862), 245-246.http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 20 January 2012.   Lieutenant Nicholson commanding the U. S. S. Isaac Smith provided a detailed report of the attempt to rescue the Governor.

5. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 12: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron (February 2, 1865 - August 3, 1865); South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 29, 1861 - May 13, 1862), 244. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 20 January 2012. Captain Litchfield commanded the Governor at first and provided a brief account of the event, but he failed to mention that his command was replaced due to lose of confidence in him during the gale.

6. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 12: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron (February 2, 1865 - August 3, 1865); South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 29, 1861 - May 13, 1862), 237-238.http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 20 January 2012. Acting Master Weidman took command of the Governor when confidence was lost in Captain Litchfield, and he provided a detailed account of the evolving conditions of the vessel during the gale.

7. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 12: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron (February 2, 1865 - August 3, 1865); South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 29, 1861 - May 13, 1862), 247.http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 20 January 2012.  Flag-Officer Du Pont orders the men of the Governor to be dispatched home.

8. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 12: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron (February 2, 1865 - August 3, 1865); South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (October 29, 1861 - May 13, 1862), 247.http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 20 January 2012. Captain Ringgold complied with Du Pont's orders, and dispatched the men from the Governor.

U.S. Transport Steamer "Osceola" Encounters a Gale off Georgetown

County: 
Georgetown County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Civil War
Date: 
1 November 1861 - 2 November 1861
Forces Engaged: 
- U.S. transport Osceola under Captain Morrill
Forces Engaged: 
- Confederate troops under Captain Godbold
Campaign: 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Result: 
The crew of the Osceola was captured and taken prisoners

There is some confusion surrounding the vessels lost during the gale in November of 1861. The Union fleet was on descent from Hampton Roads to Hilton Head when the storm hit the fleet on the South Carolina Coast. The reports discussing the Osceola confirm that the steamer sank off Georgetown coast. The reports do mention the loss of other vessels, but do not provide the specific locations. 

Footnotes and Additional Information: 

1. The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. ; Series 1 - Volume 6, 186-187. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 20 January 2012. Captain Saxton provided a detailed report on the Union Fleet's expedition to Hilton Head, including information of the vessels lost.

2. The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. ; Series 1 - Volume 6, 3-4. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 20 January 2012. General Thomas W. Sherman provided a detailed report on the Union Fleets arrival at Hilton Head, including the vessels and cargo lost during the storm.

3. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion; Series I - Volume 1: The Operation of the Cruisers (January 19, 1861 - January 4, 1863), 389. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 20 January 2012. Samuel Fessenden provided a short but detailed report on the lose of the Osceola.

4. The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. ; Series 2 – Volume 3, 323-325. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 20 January 2012. Captain Morrill provided an account of the loss of the Osceola and the capture of the crew and himself and stated the name of the Confederate Capitan who captured him. His report goes on to give the details of his imprisonment.

5. The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. ; Series 2 – Volume 3, 241. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 20 January 2012. Assistant Secretary Seward writes on behalf of the exchange of Captain Morrill, but reported that the storm happened in October, not November.

 

U.S.S. Montgomery Captures the English Steamer Bat

County: 
Georgetown County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Civil War
Alias Name: 
Blockade Runner Bat captured off Georgetown
Date: 
8 October 1864 - 10 October 1864
Forces Engaged: 
- U.S.S. Montgomery under Acting Volunteer Faucon
Forces Engaged: 
- English steamer Bat
Campaign: 
North Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Result: 
The Bat was captured, but the location of its capture is debated

Lieutenant Commander and Senior Officer D.L.

Footnotes and Additional Information: 

1. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 10: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron (May 6, 1864 - October 27, 1864), 547-548. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 22 September 2011. Lieutenant-Commander Braine provided a detailed account of the capture of the English steamer Bat. This report does conflict with the report provided by Lieutenant Faucon by stating that the U. S. S. Montgomery captured the Bat off Georgetown entrance.

2. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 10: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron (May 6, 1864 - October 27, 1864), 548-549. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 22 September 2011. Acting Volunteer Lieutenant Faucon provided a detailed account of the engagement including specific coordinates and times. This report stated that the Bat was captured off Bald Head Island, N. C., not Georgetown S. C. Faucon was also commanding the U. S. S. Montgomery and would have had a better idea of the location of the Bat's capture.

3. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 13: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (May 14, 1862 - April 7, 1863), 631-632. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 22 September 2011. Rear-Admiral Porter ordered the U. S. S. Bat under the command of Lieutenant-Commander Barnes, to proceed to duty off Georgetown.

Off Horry & Georgetown Coastline - U.S.S. Bermuda and Huron Give Chase to a Steamer

County: 
Georgetown County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Civil War
Date: 
1 June 1864
Forces Engaged: 
- U.S.S. Bermuda under Acting Volunteer Lieutenant Smith
Forces Engaged: 
- U.S. gunboat Huron
Forces Engaged: 
- Unidentified paddle-wheel steamer
Campaign: 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Result: 
The chase was abandoned after 126 miles due to night fall

Acting Volunteer Lieutenant J.W. Smith, commanding the U.S.S. Bermuda reported that on "Wednesday, June 1, [1864] in latitude 32o 55', longitude 78o 35', homeward bound" they spotted "black smoke, and in a short time made a paddle-wheel steamer" out.Lieutenant Smith "immediately gave chase, running her to the northward" and by 3:00 p.m. "succeeded in gaining on her rapidly; at the same time the gunboat Huron hove in sight."1

Footnotes and Additional Information: 

1. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 27: Naval Forces on Western Waters (January 1, 1865 - September 6, 1865); Supply Vessels (January 1, 1865 - September 6, 1865), 588-89.  http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 4 October 2011. Acting Volunteer Lieutenant Smith provided a brief but detailed report on the engagement, including the coordinates for the beginning and end of the chase, as well as times of shots fired. According to the provided coordinates, the chase began below Georgetown, went up to North Carolina and was abandoned off the coast of Horry County. The location on the map is the point were the chase was reportedly abandoned. 

"U.S.S. Admiral" Gives Chase to a Side-wheel Steamer off Georgetown

County: 
Georgetown County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Civil War
Approximate Date: 
1864
Forces Engaged: 
- U.S.S. Admiral under Acting Volunteer Lieutenant Eaton
Forces Engaged: 
- Unidentified Confederate Side-wheel Steamer
Campaign: 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Result: 
The U. S. S. Admiral gave chase until nightfall, then abandoned the chase

On February 10 1864, U.S. Acting Volunteer Lieutenant William B. Eaton, commanding the U.S.S.

Footnotes and Additional Information: 

1. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 27: Naval Forces on Western Waters (January 1, 1865 - September 6, 1865); Supply Vessels (January 1, 1865 - September 6, 1865, 563. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 13 June 2011. Acting Volunteer Lieutenant Eaton provided a brief account of the engagement.

English Steamer Queen of the Wave Runs Aground at the Mouth of North Santee Inlet

County: 
Georgetown County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Civil War
Date: 
24 February 1863 - 25 February 1863
Forces Engaged: 
English Queen of Wave
Forces Engaged: 
U. S. S. Conemaugh under Lieutenant Eastman
Campaign: 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Result: 
Union forces destroyed the Queen of Wave and captured part of her crew.

Lieutenant Commander Eastman of the U.S.S. Conemaugh reported that “on the morning of the 24th February [1863] a steamer was discovered lying at anchor outside the bar.”1 The Conemaugh was reportedly unable to get out and the steamer got underway at about 8:00 a.m.

Footnotes and Additional Information: 

1. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 13: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (May 14, 1862 - April 7, 1863), 688-689. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 12 October 2011. Lieutenant Eastman provided a detailed report of the engagement, listing the specific dates  and names. 

2. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 13: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (May 14, 1862 - April 7, 1863), 687-688. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 12 October 2011. Rear-Admiral Du Pont provided a detailed report of the engagement and included the list of names of the men captured for the crew of the Queen of Wave.

3. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 13: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (May 14, 1862 - April 7, 1863), 690-691. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 12 October 2011. In another report Lieutenant Eastman provided the account of the U. S. S. Conemaugh's return to the Queen of Wave to ultimately destroy her, and the cargo found on board.

4. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 13: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (May 14, 1862 - April 7, 1863), 689-690. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 12 October 2011. Rear-Admiral Du Pont provided another brief report on the incident that displayed no new information.

Union Forces Shell and Set Fire to Cat Island Fort and Encampment

County: 
Georgetown County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Civil War
Date: 
21 May 1862
Forces Engaged: 
- U.S.S. Albatross under Commander Prentiss
Forces Engaged: 
- U.S.S. Norwich under Lieutenant Duncan
Campaign: 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Result: 
Union forces successfully set fire to the Cat Island Fort

Rear-Admiral Du Pont reported that “Commander Prentiss crossed the bar on the 21st instant [May 1862,] with the Albatross and the Norwich, [under] Lieutenant Commanding Duncan, and entered Winyah Bay.”1 Commander Prentiss reported that on May 21st 1862, he passed “a small deserted redoubt near the [Georgetown] light-house” and then saw “an extensive fortification, with apparently several large guns mounted en barbette” on South Island at Battery White.2  As Prentiss approached this fort it was found

Footnotes and Additional Information: 

1. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 13: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (May 14, 1862 - April 7, 1863), 21-22.  http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 20 September 2011. Rear-Admiral Du Pont provided an over view account of the Union force's operations in Winyah Bay from May 19th to 22nd, 1862. Du Pont briefly mentioned the Union ascent up the Sampit River, but does state that there were enemy forces in Georgetown.

2. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 13: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (May 14, 1862 - April 7, 1863), 22-23.  http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed, 20 September 2011. Commander Prentiss provided an extensive report on Union operations in Winyah Bay from May 21st to 25th, 1862. Prentiss provided a report on the reconnaissance of the forts and rivers that surround the bay. His account on the ascent into the Sampit and the around Georgetown were described in detail.

3. "The Yankees Near Georgetown," The Charleston Courier, Tri-Weekly, Tuesday May 27, 1862, in 19th Century U. S. Newspapers, Library of Congress.

Union Navy Inspects Georgetown and Winyah Bay Forts and Rivers

County: 
Georgetown County, S.C.
Conflict: 
American Civil War
Date: 
21 May 1862 - 25 May 1862
Forces Engaged: 
- U.S.S. Albatross under Commander Prentiss
Forces Engaged: 
- U.S.S. Norwich under Lieutenant Duncan
Forces Engaged: 
- Confederate Land Forces
Campaign: 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Result: 
Union forces operated in and investigated Winyah Bay.

Rear-Admiral Du Pont reported that “Commander Prentiss crossed the bar on the 21st instant [May 1862,] with the Albatross and the Norwich, [under] Lieutenant Commanding Duncan, and entered Winyah Bay.”1 Commander Prentiss reported that on May 21st 1862, he passed “a small deserted redoubt near the [Georgetown] light-house” and then saw “an extensive fortification, with apparently several large guns mounted en barbette" on South Island at Battery White.2 As Prentiss approached this fort it was found “

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Footnotes and Additional Information: 

1. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 13: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (May 14, 1862 - April 7, 1863), 21-22. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed 20 September 2011. Rear-Admiral Du Pont provided an over view account of the Union force's operations in Winyah Bay from May 19th to 22nd, 1862. Du Pont briefly mentioned the Union ascent up the Sampit River, but does state that there were enemy forces in Georgetown.

2. Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. ; Series I - Volume 13: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron (May 14, 1862 - April 7, 1863), 22-23. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed 20 September 2011. Commander Prentiss provided an extensive report on Union operations in Winyah Bay from May 21st to 25th, 1862. Prentiss provided a report on the reconnaissance of the forts and rivers that surround the bay. His account on the ascent into the Sampit and the around Georgetown were described in detail.

3. The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. ; Series 1 - Volume 14, CH. XXVI, 512-13. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed 20 September 2011. Confederate Major Emanuel provided a detailed account of the Union forces in Winyah Bay on May 22nd 1862. Emanuel accounted the location and amount of time the Union force was near Georgetown, as well as his responsive action to their presence.

4. The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies; Series 1 - Volume 14, CH. XXVI, 518. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed 20 September 2011. Confederate General Harllee briefly reported on the show of Union force in Winyah Bay and their expedition up the Waccamaw. Harllee's concern was the threat that the Union force presented to the surrounding railroads that could be breached from presence there. Harllee also mentioned the obstruction on the Pee Dee, which is probably the brig Joseph that Major Emanuel spoke about.

5. The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies; Series 1 - Volume 14, CH. XXVI, 347-348. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/index.html, accessed 20 September 2011. U. S. Major-General Hunter reported on the successfully Naval Command of Georgetown and Winyah Bay. He stressed the importance of the rice as an important provision to the Confederate Army.